The army wants to help confront cross-domain challenges.
“Partnering with the Army, SCO is incorporating an existing seeker (into ATACMS) that will enable our ground forces to threaten mobile targets on land and sea,” Dr. William B. Roper, Jr. Director, Strategic Capabilities Office, told the Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense earlier this year.
Cross-domain warfare is an area of increased strategic focus for the Pentagon’s SCO (Strategic Capabilities Office), an entity specifically stood up for the purpose of connecting promising emerging technologies with existing weapons platforms.
The conceptual foundation of cross-domain fires is to not only recognize fast-progressing newer warfare domains such as space, cyber and electronic warfare — but to also adjust to the growing extent to which air, land and sea platforms need to interoperate in a high-threat modern combat environment. For instance, fighter jets and drones need an ability to transmit target information or ISR data to surface ships, land combat mission stations or even space-based assets.
One of the key elements of this strategy involves an Army effort to think of traditionally land-based weapons such as artillery, rockets or missile systems as a joint combat asset able to use mobility, range and sensor technology to, for example, destroy moving targets such as enemy air assets or ships at sea.
Army senior leaders, working in close coordination with joint planners and Pentagon strategists, have explored this concept with respect to using mobile, land-based artillery to counter Chinese maritime aggressiveness in the South China Sea. A mobile 777 Howitzer or Paladin self-propelled artillery vehicle could just as easily track and target maritime threats as it can attack fixed land-based targets, senior Army officials explained to Scout Warrior.
The Army’s ATACMS falls clearly within the scope of these strategic concepts and could potentially be closely aligned with cross-domain warfare tactics. It is a 13-foot, 3,600-pound surface-to-surface missile first fired during Operation Desert Storm in the early 1990s; ATACMS is a Lockheed-developed weapon able to hit targets as far as 100 miles away. Using GPS/INS guidance technology, ATACMS can explode a unitary blast fragmentation warhead.