Southern African ancient genomes estimate modern human divergence to 350,000 to 260,000 years ago

You are currently viewing the abstract. View Full Text As a service to the community this article is available to view for free. Use your via AAAS ID to log in or register for a free account Register for Free Join/Subscribe Recommend a subscription to your library Help for librarians Southern Africa is consistently placed as a potential region for the evolution of Homo sapiens. We present genome sequences, up to 13x coverage, from seven ancient individuals from KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Three Stone Age hunter-gatherers (about 2000 years old) were genetically similar to current-day southern San groups, while four Iron Age farmers (300 to 500 years old) were genetically similar to present-day Bantu-speakers. We estimate that all modern-day Khoe-San groups have been influenced by 9 to 30% genetic admixture from East Africans/Eurasians. Using traditional and new approaches, we estimate the first modern human population divergence time to between 350,000 and 260,000 years ago. This estimate increases the deepest divergence among modern humans, coinciding with anatomical developments of archaic humans into modern humans as represented in the local fossil record. View Full Text
Utne Altwire: science



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